Home Safety Tips Checklists

Two Home Safety Tips Checklists by Safety-At-Home.org

There are two Safety Checklists for the home provided on this web page; one for indoors and one for outdoor areas, primarily the back yard and garden areas.

How to make a home that is alive with crawling, cruising, reaching, climbing babies, Baby-Safe:

There should no surprise here; babies are curious, inquisitive, and determined. They are very observant and will watch and take notice of everything you, the parent, and others in the household (siblings) do. In the kitchen, you open a cabinet door, the cupboard under the sink, the refrigerator, the oven, you pull out a drawer – you can be sure that baby wants to copy you. They want to know what is in there. They might even notice what it is you take out of or put into a cupboard or a drawer, or the refrigerator, or the oven – and for sure they’ll make a beeline for it at the first opportunity. The ‘phone rings, a brother or sister calls from another room, and you are distracted.

Here are two printable checklists of safety tips; one for inside the home (indoors) and the other for the yard and garden (outdoors)…

A Baby-safe home with crawling, cruising, reaching, climbing babies needs:

Child Proof Catches on Cabinets, Drawers, and Doors

Any cupboard that is below the counter level in a kitchen needs to be made child-proof. There are several different basic types of catches and securing devices available. The most important thing it needs to be truly child-proof and if it can be operated (opened) by an adult using just one hand that makes the catch less inconvenient to live with.

Different items we’ve listed have different levels of danger associated with them, but at the top of the list is the oven should you be cooking.

Ovens & Stoves

Ovens don’t come with kiddy catches, but even if they did, when hot they burn even without being opened up. With toddlers who are developing reach and can reach hob height, there’s an even bigger danger. If they can reach high enough, they’ll grab at a handle that’s protruding out. That pan might have hot oil or boiling hot water that can scold a child and disfigure them, even maim them, for life – and I’m speaking from having had school friends when I was young who had suffered such accidents.  When you have toddlers, you must always turn the handles of your pans inwards so that they cannot be grabbed by a child. Handles that stick out can even be knocked by adults or older children causing pans with hot oil or boiling water to be spilled.


The most frightening thing about a refrigerator is that some cannot be easily opened from the inside. While this is less common with newer refrigerators, it is still something to be aware of. The more likely thing to happen if a refrigerator door is left cracked (meaning partly open) is that a child will most likely pull something down off a shelf and injure themselves. A container with food or liquid in it falling can cause a severely bruised foot and possibly broken toes. A climbing attempting to climb using the shelves as handholds can pull the entire shelf and its contents out, often with the child falling backwards and being severely injured.

Under-the-Sink Cabinets need to be made inaccessible to children

The cupboard under the sink is where the cleaners and chemicals for kitchen use are kept in may homes. Any toxic chemicals, especially bleach, should not be kept in the cupboard under the sink if you have small children, even though the bottles will have child-proof caps. Toxic chemicals are best kept well out of reach in the laundry room or some other storage place.

Spill-proof Trash Bins

There are trash bins in the kitchen because there needs to be an immediately handy trash bin. Make the trash bin(s) inaccessible and choose one that is spill-proof, meaning one that a child cannot tip over. If necessary, secure the trash bin in place with a strap or band that an adult can easily lift off, but a child probably cannot to allow for emptying the bin.

Knives, Scissors and other Kitchen Tools with sharp edges to be out of reach

In order to cook, you have to have knives with which to cut. Those knives need to be kept out of reach of small children. Leaving knives and scissors on the counter while working is perfectly normal; just always push them out of reach of that groping hand that is reaching blindly over the edge of the counter. Be sure to store all knives and scissors safely, and that means sharp knives do not belong in any drawer that your child can reach into. A rear, crosswise compartment of a drawer might be acceptable – but not any compartment, either crosswise or lengthwise, that comes close to the front of the drawer.

Glassware to be out of reach

Glassware is highly attractive. It glints and sparkles in the sunlight or with the reflection of the chandelier, wall sconce lights, or other lighting. Lower cabinet doors can (should) be fitted with child-proof catches, but you might think it not necessary for cabinets above counter height but a determined toddler will move furniture in order to climb.

Small drawers that a child can pull out need to be made secure

Dining room drawers, as well as some kitchen drawers, are shallow by design and a small child can often pull them out completely. The child is usually underneath the drawer when it drops out of the rails or slot, guaranteeing to injure the child. The drawer itself, even if empty, can cause a pretty serious injury, and so can the contents especially if the drawer has cutlery in it, the forks probably being more dangerous than the knives though. Any drawer that a child can pull out needs to be made secure. The good thing about child-proof catches installed in drawers most times, they can be operated with just one hand.

Bathroom Cabinets need to be made inaccessible to children

The bathroom is the second most likely place behind the kitchen and the laundry room for a child to poison themselves. Lotions, Potions, and Medications! Keep them all safe and secure, and it really is best to keep the adult’s toothpaste as well as razors, shavers, tweezers, and nail scissors out of reach. Teach your child how to brush their teeth for good hygiene practice but also for thriftiness. Your plumbing will appreciate it if you do!

Electrical Outlet Plugs or Covers

Electrical Power Outlets are a major attraction for crawling babies and also toddlers which are conveniently placed at chin-height of a toddler when they are sitting up. You most likely have power outlets in most if not all rooms of your home, including the one you have designated as the nursery. There are two kinds of outlets; those in use and those not in use. Those in use have a power cable (electrical cord) with a plug on it plugged into them. Your child has the plug end that is connected to the wall socket as one option to play with. They may also have whatever is connected to the other end of the electrical cord to play with depending on what it might be. Something small like a clock, a radio, or a cell ‘phone that plugged in and charging is probably not too much of a concern except it might be damaged when your child pulls it off the coffee table. But a table lamp or a standard (stand) lamp, which might also be damaged if pulled over, could well cause injury. A most dangerous appliance that your child could pull down on themselves is a clothes iron that has been left plugged in sitting in the standing position on the ironing board. A single tug on the cord can cause it to topple, so please don’t leave any appliance plugged in that your child could pull over and have it fall on them.

Power Cords to be secured or out of reach

In the case of things like standard lamps, table lamps that need to be left plugged in consider plugging a heavy-duty power strip into the wall outlet, securing the cable using cable clips to the skirting board, or running the cable under the carpet or a mat, and then plug the lamp which has a lightweight electrical cord into the power strip. A small child can easily pull a lightweight electrical cord out of the wall socket and may suffer an electric shock, but it cannot so easily pull the same plug out of a power strip that needs to be held down. There is a third component of danger that lightweight electrical cords present. A teething toddler will chew it and you do not want your child chewing on a live power cord. Finally, outlets that are not in use should be plugged. Plugs are very inexpensive and easy to install but make the not-in-use power outlet safe.

Fireplaces and Hearths need to be ‘fenced off’

For homes that have fireplaces and hearths, fire screens that are anchored to the wall (usually by a single eye bolt on each side) are the most effective way to prevent your youngster from crawling into the fireplace. Make sure your child cannot pull the fire screen either away from the wall or tip it over. Install a second eye bolt on each side if necessary.

Safety Gates guarding Stairs and Steps, top and bottom

Safety Gates to block off access to any flight of stairs or steps of any significance should be installed at both the top and the bottom of the stairs. Measure the width of the gate required for the top of the stairs and for the bottom of the stairs separately because they are likely to not be the same width. The top gate must be bolted or securely screwed, it cannot be a pressure secured gate. The top gate also cannot be a low gate-height for the convenience of adults; it must be at least 30 inches (750mm) high. Once your child is at least two, heading for three years old, depending on their ability, of course, you’ll most likely be able to remove the bottom gate, and then later when you’re sure they won’t fall down the stairs when coming down, you can remove the top gate. If you are planning on a brother or sister for your child, you can remove the gates but leave the wall secured hardware in place for an easy re-install to put the gates back in service.

External Doors to be locked or latched

Latches and locks are both recommended for external doors. This is usually not a major problem as you may already have latches as well as locks. A latch is any securing device that is easily lifted or released; pressing down on a latch from one side, lifting the latch from the other side, or turning a doorknob and not needing a key so open the door and close it behind you. Provided your child is not tall enough to reach the latch or turn the doorknob, adults and older children can come and go as necessary during the day, and the home be secured by the deadbolt for night time and when you’re away from home.

Door Gates to keep children (and pets) out of rooms you don’t want them to go in unaccompanied, especially the kitchen

Internal doors between rooms are frequently left open or ajar and there are times when you want to either keep your young child out of a room, for example, the kitchen when you are preparing a major meal or baking. But I might be your office because you or your spouse work from home. A door gate allows you still to see and hear your child, and they can see and hear you so having the dual benefit of the doorway being closed but having the door open.

Mattress, pillows or cushions on the floor adjacent to the baby crib once your baby is able to pull themselves up

Once baby is able to pull themselves up into a standing position in their crib, they will quickly become a climber. They only need to get that one leg up and that one foot hooked over the top rail and they are out. The problem is they haven’t either the arm strength or the presence of mind to hold on tightly enough to prevent a fall. So a mattress or several pillows or cushions on the floor by the crib will at least make for a soft landing.

No Drape or Blind Cords within reach. Any that are must not be loops; cut loops and tie off the two ends separately.

Many drapes and blinds come with cords that reach the floor and many of them are a continuous loop. This is because short people need to be able to reach the cord in order to bring a blind down or pull a drape across to close them, and also reach the cord when they are opening the blinds or the drapes. This is typically true of floor to ceiling blinds and of drapes on wide windows. The problem is that a child can get themselves caught in the loop and strangle themselves. There are two solutions to this problem. Installing cleats out of reach of the child so that the excess cord is wrapped around the cleat is one solution. Cleats are not very expensive but they will require drilling or adhesive in order to install them. The second solution is to cut the cord which is a loop and tie of each end. This works well for blinds that come down only halfway from the ceiling as the cord will still be within reach of an adult. There will be one end, hanging down, however, but that can easily be gathered up and tied so it too is out of reach of the child. This can also be done with the cord that is a loop but only so long as you always tie it up.

Crawling, cruising, reaching, climbing babies needs Checklist Accomplished ____________

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* Clicking on a link or on an image that has an active link will take you to a product information page which might also be an ordering page

If you have found the information on this website helpful to you, and you are an Amazon shopper, please help support this website by clicking this link to be taken to the Amazon.com website where you can log into your account as normal and whatever you order within 24 hours from logging in, will result in this website receiving a small commission – but we are assured the prices you pay are not affected.

Amazon UK

If you are an Amazon UK customer, click this link to be taken to the Amazon.co.uk website to order for delivery in the UK. Thank you for helping support Safety-At-Home.org.

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A Child-safe back yard/garden needs:

Proper, Secure Storage for Tools and Maintenance Supplies

Unless you do zero yard work and no home maintenance and have absolutely no tools and either gardening or handyman supplies, you will have items that are hazardous to a young child.

Garden Tools (Rakes, Digging Forks, Spades, Shovels, Hoes, Trowels, Hand Forks, Secateurs, Pruners)

A garden shed or a storage space in the garage are the most usual places for storing all of the tools and implements that you might have for the yard and the garden. When not in use, making sure that garden tools are stored where they should be stored is important.

Many injury accidents occur when garden tools are being used. Switching for a fork to a spade, or to a rake, means that there are tools not in use. One of the most dangerous garden tools is the garden fork and close behind the fork is the garden rake. Both have prongs that can have sharp points. A garden rake carelessly left lying on the ground is an injury accident waiting to happen. Garden forks not being used, but needing to be kept handy, should be firmly stuck into the ground. If left lying on the ground is for some reason necessary, first they should be as much out of the way of where people walk as possible and they should be laid face down so that the points face downwards. The same rule applies to garden rakes; if they have to be laid down, lay them face-down with the points facing into the ground.

Garden Maintenance Equipment

Lawnmowers, Strimmers/Edgers, Chain Saws, Axes, and other garden maintenance equipment quite simply need to be kept well out of the reach of children.

Garden Fertilizers and Chemicals

Just as household cleaning products in the home need to be kept out of reach of children in the kitchen, laundry room and bathroom, chemicals, fertilizers, and anything toxic – liquid, granules, or powder – all need to be stored securely and kept out of reach.

Workshop Tools

All workshop tool need to be kept above workbench height and out of reach, or stored in cabinets or drawers with locks or catches that will prevent children from getting hold of and playing with them.

Pool Fence and Gate with Latch & Lock

The statistics for home pool drownings cannot be ignored. Fences around pools and gates with self-locking latches are essential. Pool Maintenance Tools & Supplies must be securely stored as must any pool activity equipment. Securely Stored

Children’s Outdoor Play Equipment

Children’s outdoor play equipment needs to be properly & securely stored when not in use.

Trees, bushes, and shrubs with non-edible fruit

Many decorative garden plants have fruit or berries that are not edible. These need to be fenced off or screened.


Pet animals that have any potential for being capable of injuring a child, especially a small child, need to be securely housed and kept out-of-reach from children when unsupervised.

Access to Vehicles

Whether the family vehicles are parked in a garage, on the driveway, or on the street, it is most important to make sure that children are supervised and kept safe especially with preventing children from being behind a vehicle that has to back up. You want the children in the vehicle, not under it!

Child-safe back yard/garden Checklist Accomplished ____________

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

* Clicking on a link or on an image that has an active link will take you to a product information page which might also be an ordering page

If you have found the information on this website helpful to you, and you are an Amazon shopper, please help support this website by clicking this link to be taken to the Amazon.com website where you can log into your account as normal and whatever you order within 24 hours from logging in, will result in this website receiving a small commission – but we are assured the prices you pay are not affected.

Amazon UK

If you are an Amazon UK customer, click this link to be taken to the Amazon.co.uk website to order for delivery in the UK. Thank you for helping support Safety-At-Home.org.

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 

Additional Related Posts:

Common Accidents In The Home

Dangers In The Home

Health Hazards In The Home

Making Your Home Secure

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